Monuments and Memorials in French Flanders and Artois, France
The 1914-1918 battlefield area of French Flanders and Artois lies to the south of the Ypres Salient battlefields from the French-Belgian border to the south and east of Arras. In addition to the many cemeteries in the area there are memorials and monuments to commemorate those casualties who have no known grave, and particular military units which saw action in this region.
This list gives the locations of some of the more well known monuments and memorials in this battlefield sector.
In the list below click to show the place on the map or to expand the details.
9th (Scottish) Division Memorial (near Point du Jour British Cemetery)
The memorial commemorates the 9th (Scottish) Division at the Battle of Arras, 9th April 1917.9th (Scottish) Division Memorial
12th Division Memorial, La Chapelle de Feuchy
The memorial cross, in the form of a cross in the cathedral of York Minster, England, marks the place where the 12th Division was in action in April 1917.
A similar memorial to the 12th Division is located at Malassie Farm, Epehy (division took the village in September 1918)
37th Division Memorial, Monchy-le-Preux
The memorial commemorates the action by the 37th Division on 11th April 1917 in the Battle of Arras.37th Division Memorial, Monchy-le-Preux
55th (West Lancashire) Division, Givenchy-les-la-Bassée
63rd Royal Naval Division Memorial, Gavrelle
Memorial to the 63rd Royal Naval Division in action in April 1917 at Gavrelle.
Ablain St-Nazaire French Military Cemetery & Memorial “Notre Dame de Lorette”
The Lantern Tower monument stands in the centre of the largest French military cemetery in the world with a total number of 40,057 casualties, almost all of whom are from the First World War.Ablain St-Nazaire French Military Cemetery “Notre Dame de Lorette”
Arras Memorial to the Missing, Arras
There are 34,796 British and Commonwealth casualties of the First World War commemorated on the Arras Memorial to the Missing.Arras Memorial to the Missing
Arras Flying Services Memorial, Arras
The Arras Flying Services Memorial commemorates the names of 990 airmen who were killed while serving on The Western Front during the First World War and who have no known grave.Arras Flying Services Memorial
Australian Memorial Park, Bullecourt
The Memorial Park commemorates all those Australians who fought and fell at the Battles of Bullecourt, April to May 1917.
Australian Memorial Park, Fromelles
The Memorial Park commemorates all those Australians who fought and fell at the Battle of Fromelles, 19th-20th July 1916.
Cambrai Memorial to the Missing
Canadian National Vimy Memorial
The location of the highest point of the Vimy Ridge at Hill 145 was selected as the location for a memorial to all Canadians who served in Canadian forces during the First World War. The memorial bears the names of 11,169 missing Canadians who died and who do not have a known grave.Canadian National Vimy Memorial
Cité Bonjean New Zealand Memorial, Armentières
The Cité Bonjean New Zealand Memorial commemorates 47 officers and men of the New Zealand Division who fell in action in the area of Armentières and who have no known grave. This is one of seven such memorials to Missing New Zealand Forces on the Western Front.
Demarcation Stone, La Chapelle de Feuchy
A Demarcation Stone on the N39, a few kilometres east of Arras, marks the furthest westerly point in the line to which the German Army advanced in its spring offensive of 1918. The German advance of 1918 was held here by the British Army.Demarcation Stone Monuments on the Western Front
Dury Crossroad Canadian Memorial
International Memorial at Notre-Dame-de-Lorette
A new memorial by architect Philippe Prost. I will be completed during 2014 and will be formally dedicated in a ceremony on 11th November 2014. The memorial will feature the names in alphabetical order of over 600,000 soldiers of all nationalities who died in French Flanders and Artois between 1914 and 1918.
Watch a short video (1 minute) by the architect:
Kingston Upon Hull Memorial, Oppy
La Targette French Memorial
Le Touret Memorial to the Missing
Le Touret Military Cemetery, Richebourg-L'Avoue, France
The Cemetery was begun by the Indian Corps (and in particular by the 2nd Leicesters) in November, 1914, and it was used continuously by Field Ambulances and fighting units until March, 1918. It passed into German hands in April, 1918 and after its recapture a few further burials were made in Plot IV in September and October. The grave of one Officer of the London Regiment was brought in in 1925 from a position on the Estaires-La Bassee road near "Port Arthur", and the 264 Portuguese graves of March, 1917 and April, 1919 were removed to Richebourg-L'Avoue Portuguese National Cemetery after the Armistice.
There are now over 900, 1914-18 war casualties commemorated in this site. The graves of three men of the King's Liverpool Regiment, which were destroyed by shell fire, are now represented by special headstones. The Cemetery covers an area of over 7,000 square metres and is enclosed by a low brick wall.
Loos Memorial to the Missing
Loos Memorial to the Missing is in the same location as Dud Corner British Cemetery, on the busy M43 Lens-Mazingharbe road.
Newfoundland Regiment Memorial, Monchy-le-Preux
Notre Dame de Lorette, French Military Cemetery & Memorial: See above Ablain St-Nazaire French Military Cemetery & Memorial
Seaforth Highlanders Memorial, Fampoux
V.C. Corner Australian Cemetery and Memorial, Fromelles
Over 400 Australian soldiers are commemorated on the memorial.
Vimy Memorial: see above Canadian National Vimy Memorial
Vis-en-Artois Memorial to the Missing
The Vis-en-Artois Memorial commemorates the names of over 9,000 British, Irish and South African casualties who died in the period from 8th August 1918 until the Armistice on 11th November 1918.
The Silent Cities
An Illustrated Guide to the War Cemeteries & Memorials to the Missing in France & Flanders 1914-1918 by Sidney C. Hurst
The History of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission by Julie Summers, Brian Harris and Ian Hislop
Features images by award winning photographer Brian Harris, never before seen photographs from the Commission's own archives and a new history of the Commission by renowned author Julie Summers.
On Fame's Eternal Camping Ground
A Study of First World War Epitaphs in the British Cemeteries of the Western Front by Trefor Jones
Based on five years' research, this book presents more than 1,500 epitaphs on First World War headstones in the cemeteries of Belgium and France. These tributes to young sons, husbands and brothers of that lost generation, buried far from home, provide an eloquent and moving demonstration of the power and beauty of language.
Lutyens and the Great War
by Tim Skelton & Gerald Gliddon
Sir Edwin Lutyens did many works in connection with the the First World War; Thiepval memorial on the Somme for example. This book describes the variety of these moving works and the stories behind them.
The Unending Vigil
This book by Philip Longworth tells the Commission's story from its beginnings on the Western Front during the First World War under the direction of Fabian Ware, describing the contribution made by the architects, sculptors, engineers, horticulturalists and men of letters who combined to create the war cemeteries and memorials that are so familiar today.