Buttes New British Cemetery, Polygon Wood

Buttes New British Cemetery, Polygon Wood

This cemetery contains the remains of 2,108 Servicemen of the Commonwealth. Of these burials only 396 were identified for a known grave and headstone.

Buttes New British Cemetery
Buttes New British Cemetery

The cemetery was established here after the war. Remains of British and Commonwealth soldiers killed in the battlefields around Polygon Wood were brought here for burial by the burial parties clearing the battlefields. Most of the casualties had been killed during the fighting in 1917 in the later stages of the Third Battle of Ypres.

There are special memorials to 35 Servicemen who could be identified to have been buried in this place but their identified remains could not be established for a specific grave marked with a headstone.

Polygon Wood

The wood was the scene of bitter fighting and exchanged hands between the British and German Armies several times during the four years of the war.

In the late summer of 1917 during the last few weeks of the Third Battle of Ypres, on 26th September 1917, it was captured from the German Army by the 5th Australian Division in fierce fighting. The following spring, April 1918, the British Army made a difficult decision to leave Polygon Wood and pull back its Front Line as a result of the German Army launching a Spring Offensive. Several months later, in September 1918, the wood was finally retaken by the 9th Scottish Division of the British Army during the Allied battles in their Advance to Victory.

5th Australian Division Memorial

A memorial to the 5th Australian Division is located at the cemetery.

New Zealand Memorial

The Buttes New British Cemetery (New Zealand) Memorial is located in the southern part of the cemetery.

Buttes New British Cemetery (New Zealand) Memorial

ANZAC Day Service at Dawn

In recent years a Service of Commemoration has been held at dawn annually at this cemetery on ANZAC Day, 25th April. The service is arranged by the Australian Embassy and the local municipal authority of Zonnebeke.

For information about this event and a link to the Australian Embassy in Brussels website for full details look at our Events page for the Ypres Salient:

Ypres Salient WW1 Events: ANZAC Day

Location of Buttes New British Cemetery

Buttes New British Cemetery is located approximately 3 kms south of Zonnebeke and 6 kms east of Ypres. The cemetery is at the northern corner inside the wood on a lane called Lange Dreve.

Latitude N 50° 51' 21" ; Longitude E 2° 59' 31"

Related Link

The Australian Remembrance Trail: France and Belgium

Australian visitors may be interested to see a website established by the Australian Government which provides information about the major sites to visit in France and Belgium where the Australian forces fought and where they are commemorated.

Website: www.ww1westernfront.gov.au Australian Remembrance Trail

Acknowledgements

Commonwealth War Graves Commission